学分政策

Background

美国.S. Department of 教育 uses the “credit hour” as a measure of ensuring consistency both within and between institutions of higher education. This is necessary for ensuring the transferability of a “credit hour” and demonstrating that a course maintains sufficient academic rigor, content, 和深度. Each institution is required to establish and enforce a definition of “credit hour” as a requirement for eligibility for federal funding. The current “学分政策” recognizes the inherent differences of teaching and learning formats and/or delivery modality.

定义

美国.S. 教育部对“学时”的定义是:

“…An amount of work representing in intended learning outcomes and verified by evidence of student achievement that is an institutionally established equivalency that reasonably approximates not less than:

(1)  One hour of classroom or direct faculty instruction and a minimum of two hours of out-of-class student work for approximately fifteen weeks for one semester or trimester hour of credit, 或者十到十二个星期,修一刻钟的学分, or the equivalent amount of work over a different amount of time; or,

(2)  At least an equivalent amount of work as required in paragraph (1) of this definition for other academic activities as established by the institution, 包括实验室工作, 实习, practica, 工作室工作, and other academic work leading to the award of credit hours.

政策

Arcadia University has adopted a variant of the traditional “Carnegie Unit” as a measure of the academic experience associated with a “credit hour.” The 注册商’s Office utilizes this policy in the scheduling of courses each semester.

I. 传统的面对面讲座:

a. A credit hour is associated with a minimum of 50 minutes per credit hour each week over a 14-week semester, plus a 15th week consisting of a final examination or project presentation.

b. This is applied in the scheduling of courses such that: A 3-credit course should meet no less than 2100 minutes during the course of the semester, and a 4-credit course should meet no less than 2800 minutes during the course of the semester. 除了, it is assumed that there are 2 minutes of work performed in preparation of, 或者作为直接的结果, 课堂上的每一分钟. 在更广泛的背景下, 每上一小时课, there are two hours of outside student work associated with it. Outside work is typically categorized as reading, studying, problem solving, writing, or preparation.

II. Supervised group activities (such as laboratory, studio)

a. 实验室或工作室 are associated with a minimum seat time of 100 minutes per credit or imputed credit (since laboratory and studio sessions generally carry no direct credit) each week over a 14 week semester. 除了, it is assumed that for every 2 hours of directed instruction in the laboratory or studio, the students perform an additional 1 hour of outside work on their own.

3. 监督个人活动:

a. 实习、临床实习和学生教学 represent a minimum of 30 contact hours for each credit hour.

b. 论文/学位论文和独立学习 represents a minimum of three hours of student work per week over the semester per credit hour

IV.  变化

课程 that utilize different pedagogical approaches may seek variations from the standard credit hour definitions. 期望就是这样的质量, 数量, and rigor of learning and academic work associated with a “credit hour” will be consistent regardless of location, 教学模式, 或类时间. 变化 to the standard credit hour policy are considered for approval by the 本科 Academic 项目 Committee or the 研究生 Academic 项目 Committee.

a. Web-facilitated面对面的课程: Web-facilitated face-to-face courses use online content delivery for less than 30% of the course and blended courses use online content delivery for 30 – 79% of content delivery. These courses may have a proportional decrease in scheduled “seat time” associated with a credit hour with the expectation that the additional activities correspond directly to the reduced seat time.

b. 在线课程: 课程 that use online content delivery for greater than 79% of the course may meet infrequently or not at all in a face-to-face session during a semester.

c. 阶课程: Some four credit 300-level and 400-level undergraduate courses are scheduled for less than the 2800 minutes of seat time because of an expectation of more than 2 hours of “outside time” for every 1 hour in class. 研究生 level courses meet or exceed 700 minutes of seat time per credit.

d. 非标准课程持续时间: Credit hours awarded for learning and academic work completed in short sessions (summer session, 半个学期的课程, 等.) will be comparable to the standard 14+1 week semester but distributed over a shorter period of time.